Jonathan ben David ha-Cohen of Lunel
- (c.1135-after 1210)French talmudic scholar. He was active in Provence. He defended Maimonides in the contro-versy about him encouraged by Meir Abulafia. He wrote commentaries on the Mishnah, the Talmud and Alfasi's Code.
Dictionary of Jewish Biography. Dan Cohn-Sherbok.
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ABRAHAM BEN DAVID OF POSQUIÈRES — (known as Rabad, i.e., Rabbi Abraham Ben David; c. 1125–1198); talmudic authority in Provence. Abraham was born in Narbonne, and died in Posquières, a small city near Nîmes famous for the yeshivah he established there. He lived during a… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
DAVID — (Heb. דָּוִד), youngest son of Jesse of the Ephrathite family that lived in Beth Lehem in Judah (I Sam. 16:1; 20:27–28; I Chron. 2:13–15; cf. Micah 5:1). In the Bible SOURCES I Samuel 16–II Kings 2 is our main source for David, supplemented by I… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
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ALFASI, ISAAC BEN JACOB — (known as Rif; 1013–1103), author of the most important code prior to the Mishneh Torah of Maimonides. In a sense, Alfasi brought the geonic period to a close. The last of the Babylonian geonim, Hai Gaon, died when Alfasi was 25 years old. Alfasi … Encyclopedia of Judaism
AL-ḤARIZI, JUDAH BEN SOLOMON — (1165–1225), Hebrew poet and translator. He was born in Spain, very likely in Christian Toledo, a city that at this time preserved Arabic culture and that he describes with particular detail; however, there are no conclusive proofs of it, and… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
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KABBALAH — This entry is arranged according to the following outline: introduction general notes terms used for kabbalah the historical development of the kabbalah the early beginnings of mysticism and esotericism apocalyptic esotericism and merkabah… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
BIBLE — THE CANON, TEXT, AND EDITIONS canon general titles the canon the significance of the canon the process of canonization contents and titles of the books the tripartite canon … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Jüdische Literatur — Jüdische Literatur, im weitern Sinne das gesamte Schrifttum der Juden vom Abschluß der Bibel bis zur Gegenwart. Sie wurzelt in der hebräischen Literatur, deren Pflege und Weiterbildung sie übernimmt. Zu der überkommenen eignen Gelehrsamkeit tritt … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
MAIMONIDES, MOSES — (Moses ben Maimon; known in rabbinical literature as Rambam ; from the acronym Rabbi Moses Ben Maimon; 1135–1204), rabbinic authority, codifier, philosopher, and royal physician. BIOGRAPHY The most illustrious figure in Judaism in the post… … Encyclopedia of Judaism